Our nation's forefathers read the Bible. The texture of life has changed, and it would be illogical to return scripture as the goal to all potentially literate citizens, but an introductory course on the five major religions could be introduced into the nation's high schools, as a requirement.
Here's a fast aliphatic sketch on how to present the subject:
- Buddhism: Meditation in front of a special statue associated with offerings, based on a story of a figure alternatively an Emperor in China and then a beggar, also alternatively fat and thin, celibate monks, a lunar calendar
- Christianity: A unique son of G-d, holidays usually set on the calendar by copied Old Testament concepts, divided into Protestants and Catholics, a virgin Mary concept, selectively following the Old Testament, a New Testament using Hebrew words for names or possibly names that became Hebrew words
- Hinduism: Based in India, a caste system and funeral rituals based on them, temples with priests that resemble Old Testament descriptions seemingly from spontaneous establishment, earlier roots than other religions, women with marked foreheads
- Islam: Follows Mohammed, a Koran that speaks positively toward other religions by name, a unique lunar calendar doesn't correct for seasons, divided into Shiites and Sunni, descendants of Abraham, pilgrimage to Mecca, prayer known for kneeling and bowing in mosques without chairs
- Judaism: Follows Moses, a Torah unchanged since establishment by several authors, letters with numbers and stories, a lunar calendar, extremes of Ultra-orthodox and Reformists, first to carry the unflattering language of the Old Testament masked by positive thinking, continual learning of copious amounts of written and obscure
*On another matter, concerning the widespread belief in Islam that Mohammed ascended to Heaven from Jerusalem, there are many articles that dispel the myth, diving into Hadith passages describing "the night journey." Islam should feel proud to call the Dome of the Rock a good place to pray they innocently inherited in Judaism's absence. I can't extend my good feelings as completely to the Al Aqsa Mosque, named for the "farthest mosque" in Surah 17:1 of the Quran. The name is meant to evolve into a peaceful term for the farthest mosque in Islam's expansion, and not the current Israeli location. I would probably nominate one of the all women's mosques in China.
A partial solution to the health care crisis is to abrogate the VA hospital system. The military has it's own hospitals for injuries in battle and during duty, but after our veterans need to start using civilian care. Our soldiers need support, and that should include medical coverage for life, if their healing is incomplete. Yet our civilian health care doesn't cover the needy, and money can be redirected there. The caste system of medicine must stop for the benefit of all and a return to efforts for equality. If my recollection of the history of the V.A. Hospital system is correct, the focused accommodation for fighters began incrementally before the Civil War, and during the tragedy accelerated. They could plan for common aftercare for typical soldiering injuries somewhat different from the usual citizen's troubles. There is no longer a need to try and concentrate medicine the way it was done then.|
My proposal for a new national pledge of allegiance: "I pledge allegiance to the nationality of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation, under G-d,
indivisible with liberty and justice for all."
I'm a feminist as far as equal pay for women in the workplace, but also feel a corresponding women's registration for the draft is necessary to deal emotionally with the level of war theoretically possible after the U.S. ignored my warning from G-d, and for other reasons.
The Pro-life movement is a pseudo-science, and probably a cult, claiming to stop war with their power. A woman needs uniform choice in abortion nation-wide, for nearly any reason they decide, until late into pregnancy. After reading about late-term abortions for incredibly diseased babies, destined to be born to painful slow death immediately at birth, and factoring in the risk for the mother to continue carrying, I've expanded my support for legal abortion. Extremists sometimes oppose the 'day after pill', but a fetus has no nerve connections, and is less developed than even the 'slug' stage.
States need to require every city and town to run their own computer server with all their digital library books and public forms available for viewing or download. Moreover, everyone should have the right to an account with all the completed forms they've filed in every Town Hall. Hopefully the judicial system would follow. The current trend is that online encyclopedias, etc. are all privately held, without insurance, while libraries are an insurance
. I'm not saying bookshelf libraries should be eliminated, but the purchase of new materials should be tilted toward digital. Small towns could be allowed a team-up exemption with surrounding cities or towns. If they were isolated or financially incapable, they could be granted equipment and help. Federally, all Depositories should now be required to be locally stored and digital to encourage library conversion.
Federal laws need to be legislated to be simple in wording and reflect content connected to the title of the bill. It seems like the conception of the computer and the ability to search documents has given lawmakers the idea they can throw sliced bread into regulations about interstate highway funding. This has defeated or agonizingly slowed the passage of important bills.
As a cost saving measure, I propose that Presidents with net worth at a value 1,000 times the HHS poverty income level for one person in Washington, D.C., begin to pay for Secret Service protection on a sliding scale, paying for all protection at 100,000 times the poverty level. On March 27, 2017, the HHS listed the single person houshold income poverty guideline at $12,060 so a President with net worth of $12,060,000 would begin to pay maybe 2%, as rough estimate of a reasonable levy.
Inmates across the nation are being exploited, that is, being used for commerce without tangible participation. Phone calls to or from prisoners are typically at usery rates, and often the telephone companies are paying the prison departments large sums of money, ensuring their popularity among the exploiters. I encoutered a tilted prison phone system in the mid 90's, when the only option of collect call automation seemed unjust, by taking away the personal touch in breaking the news of my arrest to my family. Instead, the phone just announced 'A prisoner of blah blah Correction Facility is calling collect...' When you get to a PC there's a link to a Governing.com article on this subject.
Absolutly my futuristic proposal here is to require all governmental access by the public have hours of availibility the same across all seven days of the week. Knowing that some Muslims consider Friday their day of prayer made me realize that our nation has merely inherited the weekly schedule we've set. An even seven day schedule in government is in the interest of justice. It will most likely all turn out to be symbolic, but this will elevate our Constitution. To begin the transition, we need a referendum on whether we should always have two days of rest together. Then, should Muslims gain in number, a democratic means of deciding our routine will be readily available. Employees would be empowered in this regard, but of course ensuring that no one had to disclose their religion or preference in their voting.
Schools and teachers need to have the authority to order the removal of any article of clothing above the neck of any student. The symbolism of a veil or head covering on a child in a public school is to break the line of direct sense and understanding that should nurture learning. A religious parent makes an association with a group and remakes their individuality in a way a child can't keep up with to call true religion. A child is sometimes asked to follow the parent blindly from the adults experience in many unnoticeable nuances, and noticeable customs. This occurs periodically in the nature of parenting, but must be separated from the public school experience.
Recently while filing a few motions Pro Se, the court forms asked me to assure that I wasn't seeking my actions against active service members, by requiring a check-mark in the middle of perfunctory forms. At first I was taken back by the slowing of the judicial process for such a narrowly defined group. When I reflected for a bit I realized the change could be beneficial if extended to those in hospitals for Tuberculosis, Mental Illness, or other open-ended hospitalizations.
The idea to change the retirement age is discussed from time to time. If that needs to be considered, the higher age needs to be made for upper office job personnel only, and the age for lower workers needs to stay the same or move in the opposite direction because of the more physical nature of their labors. The lazy current system of blanket laws in this area needs to change.
I've seen the elderly agonizing in pain, to stay out of nursing homes, after broken hips, and barely mobile legs. It's valiant, and practical, and they are in a sense, heroes. The payments they are making late into their life for debts they may have inherited, or blundered into earlier, are keeping them from feeling secure. Sometimes they've ended up in public housing impoverished, and are still tracked by collection agencies (bill collectors) until a declaration of full "disability" is recorded. The payments they are making before their arrival are a proper duty to protect our businesses. However, to pursue those payments into senior years is immoral. As a society we must acknowledge their diminished capacity, and oppressive responsibility to prepare for nursing homes. I propose a law that requires all creditors to forgive the defaulted debts for those approachng old age, the disabled accepted to full Medicare, and allow partial disabilities in many cases to annul all debts, with ombudsmen available for the rest. Large corporation executives are given salaries and bonuses in the name of the mental preparation they do for their business, while the elderly are made to feel uncomfortable.
I'm sure dogs were an essential tool to frontier America, guarding livestock and protecting settlers from enemies, just to name the first two roles off the top of my head. Our population is aging and urbanization is spreading. Mainly for those reasons small breeds are becoming popular. Although the tight laws against animal entry into food places is reasonable, other policies against dog entry need to add exceptions for toy breeds which can be easily carried and controlled. Within a modern city there are sanitation burdens which suggest a smaller breed is more desirable. In addition, there is less room for dogs to run around and stay healthy. Adding exceptions into contracts and laws for toy breeds would encourage their numbers.
The camera started as an innovative, cumbersome snap-shot tool, and the original laws of leeway in public were understandable. Restricting photographers to a snapshot of time (many shots with a modern camera or video recorder) with the requirement they leave the area after would ensure safety and decorum. Anyone selling more than one picture of someone uninvited would be convicted. Any of those blending into the atmosphere afterwards, as if they weren't in a planned, for-profit, latently boisterous activity, would be cited. The televised press could be included. The imposition of restrictions in their broadcasts may help cloistered celebrity victims. Exceptions could be made in cases of public events, an obvious crime occurring, or traffic accidents.
There is no such thing as "100% Americanism." Serving in the U.S. Military during war time doesn't magically make an Americanism appear. The American Legion's preamble needs to be amended to create a sound basis for representing our country with a Congressional mandate. The idea that military service can disconnect someone from the influences of a globe we need to be responsible for is insulting, and does not represent G-d
as they claim. It represents a damaging elitism.
Those charged with crimes are often sick with worry on the way to court, and shouldn't be burdened with the forced conversations and interviews with the press we television viewers often witness. A law is needed to prohibit contact with the press on the way to and from arraignments and many types of hearings. Arraignments are designed to occur speedily. They are spur of the moment for defendants, lawyers, supporters, and occasionally other concerned people, and that is a stressful condition. Actual trials are planned and controlled by a judge.
Sometimes suspects in crime are also thought to be mentally ill, and placed under evaluation in mental hospitals. They should enjoy the benefits of being presumed innocent, although just like common criminals, they're sometimes held by force for the safety of society. The theme of being held for safety is lost when the psychiatrist typically assigned to them uses the word 'forensic.' Forensic is a scrutiny, and violates the rights of those suspects. This prohibition of the term 'forensic' should apply to the experts that carry out the original court examinations as well.
Much like smoking, illegal ("no law in respect to religion") municipal Christmas lights are an unhealthy activity wasting energy. Any need for an area of exemption, such as a Governor needing to display his or her religion, needs thorough restrictions. Any grants of air space, for instance over a street between wings of a store, need thorough restrictions. I enjoy looking at some displays, but they never happen to be in public parks or over streets. Many private window displays instill a sense of respect, but city and town displays are an addiction, which might be best treated with total cessation. In a country dedicated to separation of church and state, funding and service of those lights is two-faced and a return to a known form of government that doesn't work. Unfortunately, during December I feel the country is again ruled by churches of the states.
Legislation should be created to require mandatory firings of U.S. Intelligence Agents involved with every mistaken U.S. war, and layoffs after peace treaties. Mistaken U.S. wars include everything after 1987. There are others, but prophecy of this era hadn't been revealed before that time.
Political posters have crept closer and closer to my face as I go to the voting station entrance to cast my nearly blank ballot. All supporters should be prohibited from all adjoining and adjacent sidewalks to those stations during the voting hours. I'm talking about all the way around the block. Update 2/11: This week's preliminary leading to the election was so cold some of the canvassers were in the halls to warm up from time to time. I began to realize that specified primaries allow for too much chumminess. These preliminary voting occasions need to be combined into one for all parties, saving money, promoting a bit of interaction, and preventing excess buddy system.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture used to issue paper food stamps with dollar amounts printed on them. Recipients could use the change for vital things, because to ask them to track the change was impossible. I probably used the change for laundry, and an occasional important pay-phone call, and never needed to collect other public aid at that stage. The poor and homeless need a small stipend of monthly cash to give them a more dignified lifestyle.
The U.S. Department of Education holds the defaulted loans of disabled ex-students, and requires a designation of 'total and permanent disability' in order to discharge them. The Social Security Administration, in determining disability, may decide the recipient has been limited for ten years previous to their application, but the Dept of Ed has been legislated to disregard that assessment. In the past the delinquent borrower wasn't told about the best option of possible consolidation when confronted by collectors. They didn't consider any disabled time, or limited working hours before transferring the defaulted loans to collection agencies, and assessing extra fees. Meanwhile, someone sick or injured, working even one hour a week, was held in full responsibility for payments. The cut off for exemption should be more reasonable, like over 20 hours per week while disabled by any standard. The recent end to private collection agencies pursuing these defaults isn't enough to prevent a return to this disgrace in the future. Many of the fees need to waived. Just because two government agencies have conflicting laws doesn't mean the changes are tough to initiate.
*[Feb. 24, '12 Update: My own "Consolidated" pair of loans recently lost that status, but apparently only to reclassify them in the new website of the Dept of Ed. since my financial status hadn't changed. After the loss of the consolidation, I was in the "Income Contingent" category, and received a notice of a sum to pay. At that point I clicked "Repayment Options>Postpone My Payment (Deferment\Forbearance)," and found that I qualified for one of the requirements to continue an application process right there on the site. I'm disappointed to see they've charged me interest for the time in between the 'loss of status' letter and the NOTICE of an Invoice, but glad I won't hear a vicious private bill-collector on the phone repeatedly or need to anger them until I'm told about an Ombudsman. I'd documented my receipt of Social Security benefits, but they had refused to discuss ANY change in the first figure they came up with. I reminded them of the illegality of collectors taking money from those benefits, but they willingly disregarded that fact. I'm in a high pressure job as a Prophet, and I support the gentle treatment of the sick they might be dealing with as well.]
*[July 16, '12 Update: My loan has been tranferred to a private corporation with first payment date marked for a year from now. I have to assume that's for a recertification period, or so the Department of Ed intends. So far the new company hasn't offered me a paperless option, so I'm getting a request to pay $0 monthly. Since my goal is for these type of loans to be discharged for those disabled after a reasonable amount of time, and mine (I dispute the diagnosis) was determined in the 90's, I wonder if the return to a private collector will impede this innovation.]
One of my original political ideas was for an increase in the number of federally elected officials. I'm still an advocate for an elected spokesperson from every state in most, if not every federal agency.
*[Feb. 24, '12 Update: As a small dog owner struggling to make ends meet, I've used big quantities of anti-flea products divided into the proper small dose. If the FDA warning came on any of that packaging, I'd be knowingly violating a law, despite the absolute safety of the identical product. This seems to be a perfect case to have an elected state spokesperson could help adjust oppressive restrictions, with out involving the higher-ups in minutiae. I think some of these new elected spokespeople would need to work in Washington, while others could work from home in their home state. Trying to get a bureaucrat on the phone from the DEA to point out the law needs amending would be problematic. Getting an elected spokesperson's attention would be a more responsible form of government.]
also Quran. Signed, Jeshurun.
In Israel, the official name for the United States, is Arzot H'Brit, which means literally, "land of treaty" or "land of covenant". The term
might describe the meaning as "land of 'Brit Mila'" which means circumcision as outlined in the Torah (described on the front page). Jews have traditionally put faith in the land of Israel, presenting a point of intrigue.
Prophetically, that would indicate the arrival and circumcision of the Jewish messiah (Jeshurun, named in Deuteronomy and Isaiah), and then an immediate decay of morality inviting punishment from G-d.
Before the United States will receive any worldly blessings, they will have
to accept the late Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran, as a minor hidden saint of the Old
Testament. This is in Chapter 10 of Daniel, which names a "Prince of Persia."
The Ayatollah was an old-fashioned religious man, whom overcame enormous obstacles, and did some positive things. He faced imperialist overtures when he arrived, at the
insistence of the masses. He established (or with his followers) an innovative, electing constitution, with only one error of note (see "Iran"). As an Israeli, I appreciate the message he sent, in assigning a seat of his national Assembly to a Jew, and other recognized minorities. He was advancing the traditional respect of his country, but his masses felt the need for Judaism to end its search to rebuild, where the Dome of the Rock now stands. This was a pressure so many Iranian Jews felt to flee. I feel terrible that innocent people were threatened, but they were feeling a pain for a better Israel, by a group suppressed in their expression by many factors. A change is needed to remove a threat in my religion.
During the Hostage Crisis, after the U.S. Embassy had been raided in 1979, President Carter got bad advice, or made poor decisions. He needed to congratulate quickly and if necessary apologize for the prolonged support of the Shah, and an end would've followed.
I told the U.S. Senate in 1987, about the overlooked acknowledgement of the Ayatollah. Instead, they ignored my next step, to gain press coverage. I needed to get the U.S. public information about the warning to America. That prophecy, read in the newspapers, by probably thousands of foreign exchange students, was
rejected by our government. They defied an ultimatum from G-d, and retook Kuwait (taken by Iraq, probably for the more equal distribution of wealth in the Middle East).
My recognition would have prevented war and terrorism. Amazingly, the Al-Queda's destruction of the World Trade Center Towers, was warned about in scripture,
although this time outlined in the New Testament.
The Book of Revelations describes "the number of the beast, for it is a human number, its number is six hundred and sixty six." Jewish Prophetic interpretation will
reveal a divergent future, to peace, or the destruction we suffered. This is because four Hebrew letters, that equal 666, sound out `towers;' taf, vav(o,oo), raish, and
samech (400+6+200 +60). As a Jew, I reject Christianity's New Testament, but
accept this solicitation of my prophecy.
The peaceful outcome would derive from religious Judaism's belief in a healing
by dragons at the time of Moses, and positive and
negative commandments. The smallest set of the positive's letter equivalents are raish, mem, and hess. By manipulating them into a figure a beast is formed. The hess is the legs in profile, the mem is the broad body, and the raish forms the long neck, although there is no real head, per se.
The mention of "Prince of Persia" above, occurs in association with "...Michael your
Prince," and is further shown to occur in the "end of days."
Warning to the U.S.
The idea of an official 'warning,' routed from the Alm-ghty G-d to a
Prophet, and then to the public, is a first read scriptural concept!
"G-d wanted war with America, because it was a new land, that promised
freedom, and began to turn from that promise. And the L-rd was wroth.
And time was waning for the world, and they persecuted H-s prophet
Michael (to be Jeshurun). And the L-rd was wroth. And hope for peace was
shattered. And the L-rd was wroth. For he was persecuted, and plagued by
spies. And the L-rd was angry."
I issued that warning in 1987, both publicly, and to the United States
Senate. I followed immediately, by writing the press. I began public
distribution. I told them, "And G-d issued a warning, "Have no more war.'
That warning was rejected.
At that time, I quoted Chapter 12, of the Book of Daniel, and explained I'd
been predicted by that major prophet. For those that cared, or care to
investigate my identification further, Chapter 10, verse 14, identifies my
description's period as "the End of Days." These are actually years, as
defined by Hebrew teachings. Later in the paragraph is the quote, "...Michael, one of the chief princes..." The connectable mentions of "prince"
are a comparison to the "sons of G-d" from the Book of Genesis.
I believe I stand for modern thinking, in areas such as: decriminalization,
nuclear energy, subsidized health, and universal opposition to the Democrats
Unfortunately, Iran has a glaring error in their otherwise very commendable constitution. The first chapter, General Principles, Article 10, states, "Since the family is the fundamental unit of Islamic society, all laws, regulations, and pertinent programs must tend to facilitate the formation of a family, and to safeguard its sanctity and the stability of family relations on the basis of the law and the ethics of Islam."
They do, however, make clear in typical political style later, that they are only talking to themselves, and about themselves. Overall, the brief added passages don't detract from the final picture.
The word "family" must be replaced with the word "culture." They've prejudiced judgment and liberty against the solitary, whom can be among the strongest and most successful in a society. They might include clergy, doctors, politicians, researchers and scientists. Potentially, they can dedicate themselves more than a family member, and inspire greater innovation.
Preambles of the State Constitutions (as found on the internet) with Summary
By Michael Ateek
(One State not found.)
Alabama - We, the people of the State of Alabama, in order to establish justice,
insure domestic tranquillity, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our
posterity, invoking the favor and guidance of Alm-ghty G-d, do ordain and establish
the following Constitution and form of government for the State of Alabama.
Alaska - We the people of Alaska, grateful to G-d and to those who founded our
nation and pioneered this great land, in order to secure and transmit to succeeding
generations our heritage of political, civil, and religious liberty within the Union of
States, do ordain and establish this constitution for the State of Alaska.
Arizona - We, the people of the State of Arizona, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for our
liberties, do ordain this Constitution.
Arkansas - We, the people of the State of Arkansas, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for the
privilege of choosing our own form of government, for our civil and religious liberty,
and desiring to perpetuate its blessings and secure the same to our selves and
posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution.
California - We, the people of California, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for our freedom, in
order to secure its blessings, do establish this Constitution.
Colorado - We, the people of Colorado, with profound reverence for the Supreme
Ruler of the Universe, in order to form a more independent and perfect government;
establish justice; insure tranquility; provide for the common defense; promote the
general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do
ordain and establish this constitution for the "State of Colorado".
Connecticut - The People of Connecticut acknowledging with gratitude, the good
providence of G-d, in having permitted them to enjoy a free government; do, in
order more effectually to define, secure, and perpetuate the liberties, rights and
privileges which they have derived from their ancestors; hereby, after a careful
consideration and revision, ordain and establish the following constitution and form
of civil government.
Delaware - Through Divine goodness, all men have by nature the rights of
worshiping and serving their Creator according to the dictates of their consciences, of
enjoying and defending life and liberty, of acquiring and protecting reputation and
property, and in general of obtaining objects suitable to their condition, without
injury by one to another; and as these rights are essential to their welfare, for due
exercise thereof, power is inherent in them; and therefore all just authority in the
institutions of political society is derived from the people, and established with their
consent, to advance their happiness; and they may for this end, as circumstances
require, from time to time, alter their Constitution of government.
Florida - We, the people of the State of Florida, being grateful to Alm-ghty G-d, for
our constitutional liberty, in order to secure its benefits, perfect our government,
insure domestic tranquility, maintain public order, and guarantee equal civil and
political rights to all, do ordain and establish this constitution.
Georgia - To perpetuate the principles of free government, insure justice to all,
preserve peace, promote the interest and happiness of the citizen and of the family,
and transmit to posterity the enjoyment of liberty, we the people of Georgia, relying
upon the protection and guidance of Alm-ghty G-d, do ordain and establish this
Hawaii - We, the people of Hawaii, grateful for Divine Guidance, and mindful of our
Hawaiian heritage and uniqueness as an island State, dedicate our efforts to fulfill
the philosophy decreed by the Hawaii State motto, "Ua mau ke ea o ka aina i ka
We reserve the right to control our destiny, to nurture the integrity of our people and
culture, and to preserve the quality of life that we desire.
We reaffirm our belief in a government of the people, by the people and for the
people, and with an understanding and compassionate heart toward all the peoples
of the earth, do hereby ordain and establish this constitution for the State of Hawaii.
Idaho - We, the people of the state of Idaho, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for our
freedom, to secure its blessings and promote our common welfare do establish this
Illinois - We, the People of the State of Illinois - grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for the
civil, political and religious liberty which H- has permitted us to enjoy and seeking
H-s blessing upon our endeavors - in order to provide for the health, safety and
welfare of the people; maintain a representative and orderly government; eliminate
poverty and inequality; assure legal, social and economic justice; provide
opportunity for the fullest development of the individual; insure domestic tranquility;
provide for the common defense; and secure the blessings of freedom and liberty to
ourselves and our posterity - do ordain and establish this Constitution for the State
Indiana - TO THE END, that justice be established, public order maintained, and
liberty perpetuated; WE, the People of the State of Indiana, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d
for the free exercise of the right to choose our own form of government, do ordain
Iowa - WE, THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF IOWA, grateful to the Supreme Being for
the blessings hitherto enjoyed, and feeling our dependence on H-m for a continuance
of those blessings, do ordain and establish a free and independent government, by
the name of the STATE OF IOWA, the boundaries whereof shall be as follows:
Kansas - We, the people of Kansas, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for our civil and
religious privileges, in order to insure the full enjoyment of our rights as American
citizens, do ordain and establish this constitution of the state of Kansas, with the
following boundaries, to wit: Beginning at a point on the western boundary of the
state of Missouri,...
Kentucky - We, the people of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, grateful to Alm-ghty
G-d for the civil, political and religious liberties we enjoy, and invoking the
continuance of these blessings, do ordain and establish this Constitution.
Louisiana - We, the people of Louisiana, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for the civil,
political, economic, and religious liberties we enjoy, and desiring to protect individual
rights to life, liberty, and property; afford opportunity for the fullest development of
the individual; assure equality of rights; promote the health, safety, education, and
welfare of the people; maintain a representative and orderly government; ensure
domestic tranquility; provide for the common defense; and secure the blessings of
freedom and justice to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this
Maine - We the people of Maine, in order to establish justice, insure tranquility,
provide for our mutual defense, promote our common welfare, and secure to
ourselves and our posterity the blessings of liberty, acknowledging with grateful
hearts the goodness of the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe in affording us an
opportunity, so favorable to the design; and, imploring G-d's aid and direction in its
accomplishment, do agree to form ourselves into a free and independent State, by
the style and title of the State of Maine and do ordain and establish the following
Constitution for the government of the same.
Maryland - We the people of the State of Maryland, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for our
civil and religious liberty, and taking into our serious consideration the best means of
establishing a good Constitution in this State for the sure foundation and more
permanent security thereof, declare:
Massachusetts - The end of the institution, maintenance, and administration of
government, is to secure the existence of the body politic, to protect it, and to
furnish the individuals who compose it with the power of enjoying in safety and
tranquillity their natural rights, and the blessings of life: and whenever these great
objects are not obtained, the people have a right to alter the government, and to
take measures necessary for their safety, prosperity and happiness.
The body politic is formed by a voluntary association of individuals: it is a social
compact, by which the whole people covenants with each citizen, and each citizen
with the whole people, that all shall be governed by certain laws for the common
good. It is the duty of the people, therefore, in framing a constitution of government,
to provide for an equitable mode of making laws, as well as for an impartial
interpretation, and a faithful execution of them; that every man may, at all times,
find his security in them.
We, therefore, the people of Massachusetts, acknowledging, with grateful hearts, the
goodness of the great Legislator of the universe, in affording us, in the course of His
providence, an opportunity, deliberately and peaceably, without fraud, violence or
surprise, of entering into an original, explicit, and solemn compact with each other;
and of forming a new constitution of civil government, for ourselves and posterity;
and devoutly imploring His direction in so interesting a design, do agree upon, ordain
and establish the following Declaration of Rights, and Frame of Government, as the
Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Michigan - We, the people of the State of Michigan, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for the
blessings of freedom, and earnestly desiring to secure these blessings undiminished
to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution.
Minnesota - We, the people of the state of Minnesota, grateful to G-d for our civil
and religious liberty, and desiring to perpetuate its blessings and secure the same to
ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution
Mississippi - We, the people of Mississippi in convention assembled, grateful to
Alm-ghty G-d, and involving his blessing on our work, do ordain and establish this
Missouri - We the people of Missouri, with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler
of the Universe, and grateful for H-s goodness, do establish this constitution for the
better government of the state.
Montana - We the people of Montana grateful to G-d for the quiet beauty of our
state, the grandeur of our mountains, the vastness of our rolling plains, and desiring
to improve the quality of life, equality of opportunity and to secure the blessings of
liberty for this and future generations do ordain and establish this constitution.
Nebraska - We, the people, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for our freedom, do ordain and
establish the following declaration of rights and frame of government, as the
Constitution of the State of Nebraska.
Nevada - We the people of the State of Nevada Grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for our
freedom in order to secure its blessings, insure domestic tranquility, and form a
more perfect Government, do establish this Constitution.
New Hampshire - Revolutionary Secession
New Jersey - We, the people of the State of New Jersey, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d
for the civil and religious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and
looking to Him for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit the same
unimpaired to succeeding generations, do ordain and establish this Constitution.
New Mexico - We, the people of New Mexico, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for the
blessings of liberty, in order to secure the advantages of a state government, do
ordain and establish this Constitution.
New York - We The People of the State of New York, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for our
Freedom, in order to secure its blessings, DO ESTABLISH THIS CONSTITUTION.
North Carolina - We, the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to Alm-ghty
G-d, the Sovereign Ruler of Nations, for the preservation of the American Union and
the existence of our civil, political and religious liberties, and acknowledging our
dependence upon H-m for the continuance of those blessings to us and our posterity,
do, for the more certain security thereof and for the better government of this State,
ordain and establish this Constitution.
North Dakota - We, the people of North Dakota, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for the
blessings of civil and religious liberty, do ordain and establish this constitution.
Ohio - We, the people of the State of Ohio, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for our
freedom, to secure its blessings and promote our common welfare, do establish this
Oklahoma - Invoking the guidance of Alm-ghty G-d, in order to secure and perpetuate the blessing of liberty; to secure just and rightful government; to promote our mutual welfare and happiness, we, the people of the State of Oklahoma, do ordain and establish this Constitution.
Oregon - We the people of the State of Oregon to the end that Justice be
established, order maintained, and liberty perpetuated, do ordain this Constitution.
Pennsylvania - We, the people of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, ordain and
establish this constitution for its government.
Rhode Island - We, the people of the State of Rhode Island and Providence
Plantations, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for the civil and religious liberty which He hath
so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him for a blessing upon our endeavors
to secure and to transmit the same, unimpaired, to succeeding generations, do
ordain and establish this Constitution of government.
South Carolina - We, the people of the State of South Carolina, in Convention
assembled, grateful to G-d for our liberties, do ordain and establish this Constitution
for the preservation and perpetuation of the same.
South Dakota - We, the people of South Dakota, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for our civil and religious liberties, in order to form a more perfect and independent government, establish justice, insure tranquillity, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare and preserve to ourselves and to our posterity the blessings of liberty, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the state of South Dakota.
Tennessee - 1796: We the People of the territory of the United States south of the
river Ohio, having the right of admission into the General Government as a member
State thereof, consistent with the Constitution of the United States and the act of
cession of the State of North Carolina, recognizing the ordinance for the government
of the territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio, do ordain and
establish the following constitution or form of government, and do mutually agree
with each other to form ourselves into a free and independent State by the name of
the State of Tennessee.
1870: WHEREAS..., WHEREAS..., WHEREAS, The General Assembly of said State of
Tennessee, under and in virtue of the first section of the first article of the
Declaration of Rights, contained in and forming a part of the existing Constitution of
the State, by an act passed on the fifteenth day of November, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine, did provide for the calling of a
Convention by the people of the State, to meet at Nashville, on the second Monday
in January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy, and for
the election of delegates for the purpose of amending or revising the present
Constitution, or forming and making a new Constitution; and, WHEREAS..., WE,...
Texas - 1836: We, the people of Texas, in order to form a government, establish
justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence and general
welfare, and to secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do
ordain and establish this constitution.
1969:Humbly invoking the blessings of Almighty G-d, the people of the State of
Texas do ordain and establish this Constitution.
Utah - Grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for life and liberty, we, the people of Utah, in order
to secure and perpetuate the principles of free government, do ordain and establish
Vermont - 1777: Whereas, all government ought to be instituted and supported for
the security and protection of the community as such and to enable the individuals
who compose it, to enjoy their natural rights, and the other blessings which the
Author of existence has bestowed upon man; and whenever those great ends of
government are not obtained, the people have a right,
We the representatives of the freemen of Vermont, in General Convention met, for
the express purpose of forming such a government, confessing the goodness of the
Great Governor of the Universe (who alone, knows to what degree of earthly
happiness, mankind may attain, by perfecting the arts of government), in permitting
the people of this State, by common consent, and without violence, deliberately to
form for themselves, such just rules as they shall think best for governing their
future society; and being fully convinced that it is our indispensable duty, to
establish such original principles of government, as will best promote the general
happiness of the people of this State, and their posterity, and provide for future
improvements, without partiality for, or prejudice against, any particular class, sect,
or denomination of men whatever: Do, by virtue of authority vested in us, by our
constitutents, ordain, declare, and establish, the following declaration of rights, and
frame of government, to be the Constitution of this Commonwealth
Since July 9, 1793 Vermont's Constitution hasn't had a Preamble, or it's unfound.
Virginia - WE, the Delegates and Representatives of the good people of Virginia, do
declare the future form of government of Virginia to be as followeth:
Washington - We, the people of the State of Washington, grateful to the Supreme
Ruler of the Universe for our liberties, do ordain this constitution.
West Virginia - Since through Divine Providence we enjoy the blessings of civil, political and religious liberty, we, the people of West Virginia, in and through the provisions of this Constitution, reaffirm our faith in and constant reliance upon G-d and seek diligently to promote, preserve and perpetuate good government in the state of West Virginia for the common welfare, freedom and security of ourselves and our posterity.
Wisconsin - We, the people of Wisconsin, grateful to Alm-ghty G-d for our freedom,
in order to secure its blessings, form a more perfect government, insure domestic
tranquility and promote the general welfare, do establish this Constitution.
Wyoming - We, the people of the State of Wyoming, grateful to G-d for our civil,
political and religious liberties, and desiring to secure them to ourselves and
perpetuate them to our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution.
37 mentions of G-d, 29 with Alm-ghty, 7 by itself [Rhode Island mentions "...He..."
3 mentions of "Supreme Ruler of the Universe" (Colorado, Missouri [also "...H-s..."],
Carolina [now counted twice, also "...Sovereign Ruler of Nations..."])
3 mentions of "...Divine..." (Delaware as in goodness [also "...Creator..."], Hawaii as in
guidance, West Virginia as in Providence)
2 mentions of "...dependence on H-m..." (Iowa [also "...Supreme Being..."], North
1 mention of "...Sovereign Ruler of the Universe..." (Maine)[also "...G-d's..."]
1 state mentions Lord in the date twice (Tennessee)
1 state mentions "great Legislator of the universe" (Massachusetts)
1 state (Vermont) mentions "...Author of existence...," and "...Great Governor of the
4 states found apparently without religious mentions (New Hampshire, Oregon,
Note: some of the Preambles may be historic, or repealed, and no longer in use.
© U.S. 2016, Michael Ateek. Permission to copy for private, non-commercial, and educational purposes is granted on condition credit is given to the author.